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メールマルチパート/代替vsマルチパート/混合

電子メールメッセージ を作成するときは、HTMLとTEXTを送信するときはmultipart/alternativeに、TEXTと添付ファイルを送信するときはmultipart/mixedContent-Type を設定することになっています。

HTML、テキスト、添付ファイルを送信する場合はどうしますか?両方を使う?

135
Xeoncross

今日、私はこの挑戦に当たり、これらの答えは有用であると感じましたが、私にとっては十分に明確ではありません。

Edit:これをうまくまとめた Apache Commons Email を見つけたので、以下を知る必要はありません。

要件が次のメールの場合:

  1. テキストおよびHTMLバージョン
  2. htmlバージョンには埋め込み(インライン)イメージがあります
  3. 添付ファイル

Gmail/Outlook/iPadで動作する唯一の構造は次のとおりです。

  • 混合
    • 代替案
      • テキスト
      • 関連する
        • html
        • インライン画像
        • インライン画像
    • 添付
    • 添付

コードは次のとおりです。

import javax.activation.DataHandler;
import javax.activation.DataSource;
import javax.activation.URLDataSource;
import javax.mail.BodyPart;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Multipart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;
import Java.net.URL;
import Java.util.HashMap;
import Java.util.List;
import Java.util.UUID;
import Java.util.regex.Matcher;
import Java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * Created by StrongMan on 25/05/14.
 */
public class MailContentBuilder {

    private static final Pattern COMPILED_PATTERN_SRC_URL_SINGLE = Pattern.compile("src='([^']*)'",  Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
    private static final Pattern COMPILED_PATTERN_SRC_URL_DOUBLE = Pattern.compile("src=\"([^\"]*)\"",  Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);

    /**
     * Build an email message.
     *
     * The HTML may reference the embedded image (messageHtmlInline) using the filename. Any path portion is ignored to make my life easier
     * e.g. If you pass in the image C:\Temp\dog.jpg you can use <img src="dog.jpg"/> or <img src="C:\Temp\dog.jpg"/> and both will work
     *
     * @param messageText
     * @param messageHtml
     * @param messageHtmlInline
     * @param attachments
     * @return
     * @throws MessagingException
     */
    public Multipart build(String messageText, String messageHtml, List<URL> messageHtmlInline, List<URL> attachments) throws MessagingException {
        final Multipart mpMixed = new MimeMultipart("mixed");
        {
            // alternative
            final Multipart mpMixedAlternative = newChild(mpMixed, "alternative");
            {
                // Note: MUST RENDER HTML LAST otherwise iPad mail client only renders the last image and no email
                addTextVersion(mpMixedAlternative,messageText);
                addHtmlVersion(mpMixedAlternative,messageHtml, messageHtmlInline);
            }
            // attachments
            addAttachments(mpMixed,attachments);
        }

        //msg.setText(message, "utf-8");
        //msg.setContent(message,"text/html; charset=utf-8");
        return mpMixed;
    }

    private Multipart newChild(Multipart parent, String alternative) throws MessagingException {
        MimeMultipart child =  new MimeMultipart(alternative);
        final MimeBodyPart mbp = new MimeBodyPart();
        parent.addBodyPart(mbp);
        mbp.setContent(child);
        return child;
    }

    private void addTextVersion(Multipart mpRelatedAlternative, String messageText) throws MessagingException {
        final MimeBodyPart textPart = new MimeBodyPart();
        textPart.setContent(messageText, "text/plain");
        mpRelatedAlternative.addBodyPart(textPart);
    }

    private void addHtmlVersion(Multipart parent, String messageHtml, List<URL> embeded) throws MessagingException {
        // HTML version
        final Multipart mpRelated = newChild(parent,"related");

        // Html
        final MimeBodyPart htmlPart = new MimeBodyPart();
        HashMap<String,String> cids = new HashMap<String, String>();
        htmlPart.setContent(replaceUrlWithCids(messageHtml,cids), "text/html");
        mpRelated.addBodyPart(htmlPart);

        // Inline images
        addImagesInline(mpRelated, embeded, cids);
    }

    private void addImagesInline(Multipart parent, List<URL> embeded, HashMap<String,String> cids) throws MessagingException {
        if (embeded != null)
        {
            for (URL img : embeded)
            {
                final MimeBodyPart htmlPartImg = new MimeBodyPart();
                DataSource htmlPartImgDs = new URLDataSource(img);
                htmlPartImg.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(htmlPartImgDs));
                String fileName = img.getFile();
                fileName = getFileName(fileName);
                String newFileName = cids.get(fileName);
                boolean imageNotReferencedInHtml = newFileName == null;
                if (imageNotReferencedInHtml) continue;
                // Gmail requires the cid have <> around it
                htmlPartImg.setHeader("Content-ID", "<"+newFileName+">");
                htmlPartImg.setDisposition(BodyPart.INLINE);
                parent.addBodyPart(htmlPartImg);
            }
        }
    }

    private void addAttachments(Multipart parent, List<URL> attachments) throws MessagingException {
        if (attachments != null)
        {
            for (URL attachment : attachments)
            {
                final MimeBodyPart mbpAttachment = new MimeBodyPart();
                DataSource htmlPartImgDs = new URLDataSource(attachment);
                mbpAttachment.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(htmlPartImgDs));
                String fileName = attachment.getFile();
                fileName = getFileName(fileName);
                mbpAttachment.setDisposition(BodyPart.ATTACHMENT);
                mbpAttachment.setFileName(fileName);
                parent.addBodyPart(mbpAttachment);
            }
        }
    }

    public String replaceUrlWithCids(String html, HashMap<String,String> cids)
    {
        html = replaceUrlWithCids(html, COMPILED_PATTERN_SRC_URL_SINGLE, "src='cid:@cid'", cids);
        html = replaceUrlWithCids(html, COMPILED_PATTERN_SRC_URL_DOUBLE, "src=\"cid:@cid\"", cids);
        return html;
    }

    private String replaceUrlWithCids(String html, Pattern pattern, String replacement, HashMap<String,String> cids) {
        Matcher matcherCssUrl = pattern.matcher(html);
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        while (matcherCssUrl.find())
        {
            String fileName = matcherCssUrl.group(1);
            // Disregarding file path, so don't clash your filenames!
            fileName = getFileName(fileName);
            // A cid must start with @ and be globally unique
            String cid = "@" + UUID.randomUUID().toString() + "_" + fileName;
            if (cids.containsKey(fileName))
                cid = cids.get(fileName);
            else
                cids.put(fileName,cid);
            matcherCssUrl.appendReplacement(sb,replacement.replace("@cid",cid));
        }
        matcherCssUrl.appendTail(sb);
        html = sb.toString();
        return html;
    }

    private String getFileName(String fileName) {
        if (fileName.contains("/"))
            fileName = fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf("/")+1);
        return fileName;
    }
}

そして、Gmailでそれを使用する例

/**
 * Created by StrongMan on 25/05/14.
 */
import com.Sun.mail.smtp.SMTPTransport;

import Java.net.URL;
import Java.security.Security;
import Java.util.*;
import Java.util.regex.Matcher;
import Java.util.regex.Pattern;
import javax.activation.DataHandler;
import javax.activation.DataSource;
import javax.activation.URLDataSource;
import javax.mail.*;
import javax.mail.internet.*;

/**
 *
 * http://stackoverflow.com/questions/14744197/best-practices-sending-javamail-mime-multipart-emails-and-gmail
 * http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3902455/smtp-multipart-alternative-vs-multipart-mixed
 *
 *
 *
 * @author doraemon
 */
public class GoogleMail {


    private GoogleMail() {
    }

    /**
     * Send email using GMail SMTP server.
     *
     * @param username GMail username
     * @param password GMail password
     * @param recipientEmail TO recipient
     * @param title title of the message
     * @param messageText message to be sent
     * @throws AddressException if the email address parse failed
     * @throws MessagingException if the connection is dead or not in the connected state or if the message is not a MimeMessage
     */
    public static void Send(final String username, final String password, String recipientEmail, String title, String messageText, String messageHtml, List<URL> messageHtmlInline, List<URL> attachments) throws AddressException, MessagingException {
        GoogleMail.Send(username, password, recipientEmail, "", title, messageText, messageHtml, messageHtmlInline,attachments);
    }

    /**
     * Send email using GMail SMTP server.
     *
     * @param username GMail username
     * @param password GMail password
     * @param recipientEmail TO recipient
     * @param ccEmail CC recipient. Can be empty if there is no CC recipient
     * @param title title of the message
     * @param messageText message to be sent
     * @throws AddressException if the email address parse failed
     * @throws MessagingException if the connection is dead or not in the connected state or if the message is not a MimeMessage
     */
    public static void Send(final String username, final String password, String recipientEmail, String ccEmail, String title, String messageText, String messageHtml, List<URL> messageHtmlInline, List<URL> attachments) throws AddressException, MessagingException {
        Security.addProvider(new com.Sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Provider());
        final String SSL_FACTORY = "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory";

        // Get a Properties object
        Properties props = System.getProperties();
        props.setProperty("mail.smtps.Host", "smtp.gmail.com");
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", SSL_FACTORY);
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false");
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.port", "465");
        props.setProperty("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
        props.setProperty("mail.smtps.auth", "true");

        /*
        If set to false, the QUIT command is sent and the connection is immediately closed. If set
        to true (the default), causes the transport to wait for the response to the QUIT command.

        ref :   http://Java.Sun.com/products/javamail/javadocs/com/Sun/mail/smtp/package-summary.html
                http://forum.Java.Sun.com/thread.jspa?threadID=5205249
                smtpsend.Java - demo program from javamail
        */
        props.put("mail.smtps.quitwait", "false");

        Session session = Session.getInstance(props, null);

        // -- Create a new message --
        final MimeMessage msg = new MimeMessage(session);

        // -- Set the FROM and TO fields --
        msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(username + "@gmail.com"));
        msg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(recipientEmail, false));

        if (ccEmail.length() > 0) {
            msg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.CC, InternetAddress.parse(ccEmail, false));
        }

        msg.setSubject(title);

        // mixed
        MailContentBuilder mailContentBuilder = new MailContentBuilder();
        final Multipart mpMixed = mailContentBuilder.build(messageText, messageHtml, messageHtmlInline, attachments);
        msg.setContent(mpMixed);
        msg.setSentDate(new Date());

        SMTPTransport t = (SMTPTransport)session.getTransport("smtps");

        t.connect("smtp.gmail.com", username, password);
        t.sendMessage(msg, msg.getAllRecipients());
        t.close();
    }

}
123
Iain

multipart/mixedを最初の部分をmultipart/alternativeとして使用し、添付ファイルの後続の部分を使用します。次に、text/plain部分内でtext/htmlおよびmultipart/alternative部分を使用します。

有能な電子メールクライアントはmultipart/alternative部分を認識し、必要に応じてテキスト部分またはhtml部分を表示する必要があります。また、後続のすべてのパーツをアタッチメントパーツとして表示する必要があります。

ここで注意すべき重要なことは、マルチパートMIMEメッセージでは、パーツ内にパーツがあることは完全に有効であることです。理論的には、そのネストは任意の深さまで拡張できます。合理的に機能する電子メールクライアントは、すべてのメッセージ部分を再帰的に処理できるはずです。

108
Mike Green

メッセージには内容があります。コンテンツは、テキスト、html、DataHandler、またはマルチパートにすることができ、コンテンツは1つだけにすることができます。マルチパートにはBodyPartのみがありますが、複数ある場合があります。メッセージのようなBodyPartは、すでに説明されているコンテンツを持つことができます。

HTML、テキスト、添付ファイルを含むメッセージは、次のように階層的に表示できます。

message
  mainMultipart (content for message, subType="related")
    ->htmlAndTextBodyPart (bodyPart1 for mainMultipart)
      ->htmlAndTextMultipart (content for htmlAndTextBodyPart, subType="alternative")
        ->textBodyPart (bodyPart2 for the htmlAndTextMultipart)
          ->text (content for textBodyPart)
        ->htmlBodyPart (bodyPart1 for htmlAndTextMultipart)
          ->html (content for htmlBodyPart)
    ->fileBodyPart1 (bodyPart2 for the mainMultipart)
      ->FileDataHandler (content for fileBodyPart1 )

そして、そのようなメッセージを作成するコード:

    // the parent or main part if you will
    Multipart mainMultipart = new MimeMultipart("mixed");

    // this will hold text and html and tells the client there are 2 versions of the message (html and text). presumably text
    // being the alternative to html
    Multipart htmlAndTextMultipart = new MimeMultipart("alternative");

    // set text
    MimeBodyPart textBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    textBodyPart.setText(text);
    htmlAndTextMultipart.addBodyPart(textBodyPart);

    // set html (set this last per rfc1341 which states last = best)
    MimeBodyPart htmlBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    htmlBodyPart.setContent(html, "text/html; charset=utf-8");
    htmlAndTextMultipart.addBodyPart(htmlBodyPart);

    // stuff the multipart into a bodypart and add the bodyPart to the mainMultipart
    MimeBodyPart htmlAndTextBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    htmlAndTextBodyPart.setContent(htmlAndTextMultipart);
    mainMultipart.addBodyPart(htmlAndTextBodyPart);

    // attach file body parts directly to the mainMultipart
    MimeBodyPart filePart = new MimeBodyPart();
    FileDataSource fds = new FileDataSource("/path/to/some/file.txt");
    filePart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds));
    filePart.setFileName(fds.getName());
    mainMultipart.addBodyPart(filePart);

    // set message content
    message.setContent(mainMultipart);
15
splashout

私はこの問題にぶつかりました。このアーキテクチャは(Lainの答えから)私のために働いた。これがPythonのソリューションです。

  • 混合
    • 代替案
      • テキスト
      • 関連する
        • html
        • インライン画像
        • インライン画像
    • 添付
    • 添付

主なメール作成機能は次のとおりです。

def create_message_with_attachment(
    sender, to, subject, msgHtml, msgPlain, attachmentFile):
    """Create a message for an email.

    Args:
      sender: Email address of the sender.
      to: Email address of the receiver.
      subject: The subject of the email message.
      message_text: The text of the email message.
      file: The path to the file to be attached.

    Returns:
      An object containing a base64url encoded email object.
    """
    message = MIMEMultipart('mixed')
    message['to'] = to
    message['from'] = sender
    message['subject'] = subject

    message_alternative = MIMEMultipart('alternative')
    message_related = MIMEMultipart('related')

    message_related.attach(MIMEText(msgHtml, 'html'))
    message_alternative.attach(MIMEText(msgPlain, 'plain'))
    message_alternative.attach(message_related)

    message.attach(message_alternative)

    print "create_message_with_attachment: file:", attachmentFile
    content_type, encoding = mimetypes.guess_type(attachmentFile)

    if content_type is None or encoding is not None:
        content_type = 'application/octet-stream'
    main_type, sub_type = content_type.split('/', 1)
    if main_type == 'text':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEText(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    Elif main_type == 'image':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEImage(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    Elif main_type == 'audio':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEAudio(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    else:
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEBase(main_type, sub_type)
        msg.set_payload(fp.read())
        fp.close()
    filename = os.path.basename(attachmentFile)
    msg.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment', filename=filename)
    message.attach(msg)

    return {'raw': base64.urlsafe_b64encode(message.as_string())}

Html/text/attachmentを含むメールを送信するための完全なコードは次のとおりです。

import httplib2
import os
import oauth2client
from oauth2client import client, tools
import base64
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from apiclient import errors, discovery
import mimetypes
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage
from email.mime.audio import MIMEAudio
from email.mime.base import MIMEBase

SCOPES = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.send'
CLIENT_SECRET_FILE1 = 'client_secret.json'
location = os.path.realpath(
    os.path.join(os.getcwd(), os.path.dirname(__file__)))
CLIENT_SECRET_FILE = os.path.join(location, CLIENT_SECRET_FILE1)
APPLICATION_NAME = 'Gmail API Python Send Email'

def get_credentials():
    home_dir = os.path.expanduser('~')
    credential_dir = os.path.join(home_dir, '.credentials')
    if not os.path.exists(credential_dir):
        os.makedirs(credential_dir)
    credential_path = os.path.join(credential_dir,
                                   'gmail-python-email-send.json')
    store = oauth2client.file.Storage(credential_path)
    credentials = store.get()
    if not credentials or credentials.invalid:
        flow = client.flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENT_SECRET_FILE, SCOPES)
        flow.user_agent = APPLICATION_NAME
        credentials = tools.run_flow(flow, store)
        print 'Storing credentials to ' + credential_path
    return credentials

def SendMessageWithAttachment(sender, to, subject, msgHtml, msgPlain, attachmentFile):
    credentials = get_credentials()
    http = credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http())
    service = discovery.build('gmail', 'v1', http=http)
    message1 = create_message_with_attachment(sender, to, subject, msgHtml, msgPlain, attachmentFile)
    SendMessageInternal(service, "me", message1)

def SendMessageInternal(service, user_id, message):
    try:
        message = (service.users().messages().send(userId=user_id, body=message).execute())
        print 'Message Id: %s' % message['id']
        return message
    except errors.HttpError, error:
        print 'An error occurred: %s' % error
        return "error"

def create_message_with_attachment(
    sender, to, subject, msgHtml, msgPlain, attachmentFile):
    """Create a message for an email.

    Args:
      sender: Email address of the sender.
      to: Email address of the receiver.
      subject: The subject of the email message.
      message_text: The text of the email message.
      file: The path to the file to be attached.

    Returns:
      An object containing a base64url encoded email object.
    """
    message = MIMEMultipart('mixed')
    message['to'] = to
    message['from'] = sender
    message['subject'] = subject

    message_alternative = MIMEMultipart('alternative')
    message_related = MIMEMultipart('related')

    message_related.attach(MIMEText(msgHtml, 'html'))
    message_alternative.attach(MIMEText(msgPlain, 'plain'))
    message_alternative.attach(message_related)

    message.attach(message_alternative)

    print "create_message_with_attachment: file:", attachmentFile
    content_type, encoding = mimetypes.guess_type(attachmentFile)

    if content_type is None or encoding is not None:
        content_type = 'application/octet-stream'
    main_type, sub_type = content_type.split('/', 1)
    if main_type == 'text':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEText(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    Elif main_type == 'image':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEImage(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    Elif main_type == 'audio':
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEAudio(fp.read(), _subtype=sub_type)
        fp.close()
    else:
        fp = open(attachmentFile, 'rb')
        msg = MIMEBase(main_type, sub_type)
        msg.set_payload(fp.read())
        fp.close()
    filename = os.path.basename(attachmentFile)
    msg.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment', filename=filename)
    message.attach(msg)

    return {'raw': base64.urlsafe_b64encode(message.as_string())}


def main():
    to = "[email protected]"
    sender = "[email protected]"
    subject = "subject"
    msgHtml = "Hi<br/>Html Email"
    msgPlain = "Hi\nPlain Email"
    attachment = "/path/to/file.pdf"
    SendMessageWithAttachment(sender, to, subject, msgHtml, msgPlain, attachment)

if __== '__main__':
    main()
7
apadana

すばらしい答え

幅広いデバイスでこの機能を実現するために私がやったことがいくつかありました。最後に、テストしたクライアントをリストします。

  1. パラメーターの添付ファイルを含まず、MimeMultipart( "mixed")を使用しない新しいビルドコンストラクターを追加しました。インライン画像のみを送信する場合は、混合する必要はありません。

    public Multipart build(String messageText, String messageHtml, List<URL> messageHtmlInline) throws MessagingException {
    
        final Multipart mpAlternative = new MimeMultipart("alternative");
        {
            //  Note: MUST RENDER HTML LAST otherwise iPad mail client only renders 
            //  the last image and no email
                addTextVersion(mpAlternative,messageText);
                addHtmlVersion(mpAlternative,messageHtml, messageHtmlInline);
        }
    
        return mpAlternative;
    }
    
  2. AddTextVersionメソッドでは、コンテンツを追加するときに文字セットを追加しました。これはおそらく渡すことができます/渡す必要がありますが、静的に追加しただけです。

    textPart.setContent(messageText, "text/plain");
    to
    textPart.setContent(messageText, "text/plain; charset=UTF-8");
    
  3. 最後の項目はaddImagesInlineメソッドに追加されていました。次のコードにより、画像ファイル名の設定をヘッダーに追加しました。これを行わない場合、少なくともAndroidデフォルトのメールクライアントでは、名前がUnknownのインラインイメージがあり、自動的にダウンロードしてメールに表示されません。

    for (URL img : embeded) {
        final MimeBodyPart htmlPartImg = new MimeBodyPart();
        DataSource htmlPartImgDs = new URLDataSource(img);
        htmlPartImg.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(htmlPartImgDs));
        String fileName = img.getFile();
        fileName = getFileName(fileName);
        String newFileName = cids.get(fileName);
        boolean imageNotReferencedInHtml = newFileName == null;
        if (imageNotReferencedInHtml) continue;
        htmlPartImg.setHeader("Content-ID", "<"+newFileName+">");
        htmlPartImg.setDisposition(BodyPart.INLINE);
        **htmlPartImg.setFileName(newFileName);**
        parent.addBodyPart(htmlPartImg);
    }
    

最後に、これが私がテストしたクライアントのリストです。 Outlook 2010、Outlook Web App、Internet Explorer 11、Firefox、Chrome、Appleのネイティブアプリを使用したOutlook、Gmailを経由するメール-ブラウザーメールクライアント、Internet Explorer 11、Firefox、Chrome、Androidデフォルトメールクライアント、osx IPhoneのデフォルトメールクライアント、AndroidのGmailメールクライアント、IPhoneのGmailメールクライアント、Yahoo経由のメール-ブラウザメールクライアント、Internet Explorer 11、Firefox、Chrome、Androidデフォルトメールクライアント、osx IPhoneデフォルトメールクライアント。

それが誰にも役立つことを願っています。

5
XDevOne

Iainの例を基に、これらのメールを別々のプレーンテキスト、HTML、および複数の添付ファイルで作成する必要がありましたが、PHPを使用していました。 Amazon SESを使用して添付ファイル付きのEメールを送信しているため、現在APIでは、sendRawEmail(...)関数を使用してEメールを最初から作成する必要があります。

多くの調査(そして通常のフラストレーションよりも大きい)の後、問題は解決され、PHPソースコードが投稿されました。これが誰かの助けになることを願っています-私がこの問題に取り組むことを余儀なくされたサルの軍隊は今では使い果たされています。

Amazon SESを使用して添付ファイル付きのEメールを送信するためのPHPソースコード

<?php

require_once('AWSSDKforPHP/aws.phar');

use Aws\Ses\SesClient;

/**
 * SESUtils is a tool to make it easier to work with Amazon Simple Email Service
 * Features:
 * A client to prepare emails for use with sending attachments or not
 * 
 * There is no warranty - use this code at your own risk.  
 * @author sbossen with assistance from Michael Deal
 * http://righthandedmonkey.com
 *
 * Update: Error checking and new params input array provided by Michael Deal
 * Update2: Corrected for allowing to send multiple attachments and plain text/html body
 *   Ref: Http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3902455/smtp-multipart-alternative-vs-multipart-mixed/
 */
class SESUtils {

    const version = "1.0";
    const AWS_KEY = "YOUR-KEY";
    const AWS_SEC = "YOUR-SECRET";
    const AWS_REGION = "us-east-1";
    const MAX_ATTACHMENT_NAME_LEN = 60;

    /**
     * Usage:
        $params = array(
          "to" => "[email protected]",
          "subject" => "Some subject",
          "message" => "<strong>Some email body</strong>",
          "from" => "[email protected]",
          //OPTIONAL
          "replyTo" => "[email protected]",
          //OPTIONAL
          "files" => array(
            1 => array(
               "name" => "filename1", 
              "filepath" => "/path/to/file1.txt", 
              "mime" => "application/octet-stream"
            ),
            2 => array(
               "name" => "filename2", 
              "filepath" => "/path/to/file2.txt", 
              "mime" => "application/octet-stream"
            ),
          )
        );

      $res = SESUtils::sendMail($params);

     * NOTE: When sending a single file, omit the key (ie. the '1 =>') 
     * or use 0 => array(...) - otherwise the file will come out garbled
     * ie. use:
     *    "files" => array(
     *        0 => array( "name" => "filename", "filepath" => "path/to/file.txt",
     *        "mime" => "application/octet-stream")
     * 
     * For the 'to' parameter, you can send multiple recipiants with an array
     *    "to" => array("[email protected]", "[email protected]")
     * use $res->success to check if it was successful
     * use $res->message_id to check later with Amazon for further processing
     * use $res->result_text to look for error text if the task was not successful
     * 
     * @param array $params - array of parameters for the email
     * @return \ResultHelper
     */
    public static function sendMail($params) {

        $to = self::getParam($params, 'to', true);
        $subject = self::getParam($params, 'subject', true);
        $body = self::getParam($params, 'message', true);
        $from = self::getParam($params, 'from', true);
        $replyTo = self::getParam($params, 'replyTo');
        $files = self::getParam($params, 'files');

        $res = new ResultHelper();

        // get the client ready
        $client = SesClient::factory(array(
                    'key' => self::AWS_KEY,
                    'secret' => self::AWS_SEC,
                    'region' => self::AWS_REGION
        ));

        // build the message
        if (is_array($to)) {
            $to_str = rtrim(implode(',', $to), ',');
        } else {
            $to_str = $to;
        }

        $msg = "To: $to_str\n";
        $msg .= "From: $from\n";

        if ($replyTo) {
            $msg .= "Reply-To: $replyTo\n";
        }

        // in case you have funny characters in the subject
        $subject = mb_encode_mimeheader($subject, 'UTF-8');
        $msg .= "Subject: $subject\n";
        $msg .= "MIME-Version: 1.0\n";
        $msg .= "Content-Type: multipart/mixed;\n";
        $boundary = uniqid("_Part_".time(), true); //random unique string
        $boundary2 = uniqid("_Part2_".time(), true); //random unique string
        $msg .= " boundary=\"$boundary\"\n";
        $msg .= "\n";

        // now the actual body
        $msg .= "--$boundary\n";

        //since we are sending text and html emails with multiple attachments
        //we must use a combination of mixed and alternative boundaries
        //hence the use of boundary and boundary2
        $msg .= "Content-Type: multipart/alternative;\n";
        $msg .= " boundary=\"$boundary2\"\n";
        $msg .= "\n";
        $msg .= "--$boundary2\n";

        // first, the plain text
        $msg .= "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8\n";
        $msg .= "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit\n";
        $msg .= "\n";
        $msg .= strip_tags($body); //remove any HTML tags
        $msg .= "\n";

        // now, the html text
        $msg .= "--$boundary2\n";
        $msg .= "Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8\n";
        $msg .= "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit\n";
        $msg .= "\n";
        $msg .= $body; 
        $msg .= "\n";
        $msg .= "--$boundary2--\n";

        // add attachments
        if (is_array($files)) {
            $count = count($files);
            foreach ($files as $file) {
                $msg .= "\n";
                $msg .= "--$boundary\n";
                $msg .= "Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64\n";
                $clean_filename = self::clean_filename($file["name"], self::MAX_ATTACHMENT_NAME_LEN);
                $msg .= "Content-Type: {$file['mime']}; name=$clean_filename;\n";
                $msg .= "Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=$clean_filename;\n";
                $msg .= "\n";
                $msg .= base64_encode(file_get_contents($file['filepath']));
                $msg .= "\n--$boundary";
            }
            // close email
            $msg .= "--\n";
        }

        // now send the email out
        try {
            $ses_result = $client->sendRawEmail(
                    array(
                'RawMessage' => array(
                    'Data' => base64_encode($msg)
                )
                    ), array(
                'Source' => $from,
                'Destinations' => $to_str
                    )
            );
            if ($ses_result) {
                $res->message_id = $ses_result->get('MessageId');
            } else {
                $res->success = false;
                $res->result_text = "Amazon SES did not return a MessageId";
            }
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            $res->success = false;
            $res->result_text = $e->getMessage().
                    " - To: $to_str, Sender: $from, Subject: $subject";
        }
        return $res;
    }

    private static function getParam($params, $param, $required = false) {
        $value = isset($params[$param]) ? $params[$param] : null;
        if ($required && empty($value)) {
            throw new Exception('"'.$param.'" parameter is required.');
        } else {
            return $value;
        }
    }

    /**
    Clean filename function - to get a file friendly 
    **/
    public static function clean_filename($str, $limit = 0, $replace=array(), $delimiter='-') {
        if( !empty($replace) ) {
            $str = str_replace((array)$replace, ' ', $str);
        }

        $clean = iconv('UTF-8', 'ASCII//TRANSLIT', $str);
        $clean = preg_replace("/[^a-zA-Z0-9\.\/_| -]/", '', $clean);
        $clean = preg_replace("/[\/| -]+/", '-', $clean);

        if ($limit > 0) {
            //don't truncate file extension
            $arr = explode(".", $clean);
            $size = count($arr);
            $base = "";
            $ext = "";
            if ($size > 0) {
                for ($i = 0; $i < $size; $i++) {
                    if ($i < $size - 1) { //if it's not the last item, add to $bn
                        $base .= $arr[$i];
                        //if next one isn't last, add a dot
                        if ($i < $size - 2)
                            $base .= ".";
                    } else {
                        if ($i > 0)
                            $ext = ".";
                        $ext .= $arr[$i];
                    }
                }
            }
            $bn_size = mb_strlen($base);
            $ex_size = mb_strlen($ext);
            $bn_new = mb_substr($base, 0, $limit - $ex_size);
            // doing again in case extension is long
            $clean = mb_substr($bn_new.$ext, 0, $limit); 
        }
        return $clean;
    }

}

class ResultHelper {

    public $success = true;
    public $result_text = "";
    public $message_id = "";

}

?>
5

最高の方法は次のとおりです。 Multipart/mixed mime message with attachments and inline images

画像: https://www.qcode.co.uk/images/mime-nesting-structure.png

From: [email protected]
To: [email protected]@qcode.co.uk
Subject: Example Email
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="MixedBoundaryString"

--MixedBoundaryString
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="RelatedBoundaryString"

--RelatedBoundaryString
Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="AlternativeBoundaryString"

--AlternativeBoundaryString
Content-Type: text/plain;charset="utf-8"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

This is the plain text part of the email.

--AlternativeBoundaryString
Content-Type: text/html;charset="utf-8"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

<html>
  <body>=0D
    <img src=3D=22cid:masthead.png=40qcode.co.uk=22 width 800 height=3D80=
 =5C>=0D
    <p>This is the html part of the email.</p>=0D
    <img src=3D=22cid:logo.png=40qcode.co.uk=22 width 200 height=3D60 =5C=
>=0D
  </body>=0D
</html>=0D

--AlternativeBoundaryString--

--RelatedBoundaryString
Content-Type: image/jpgeg;name="logo.png"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: inline;filename="logo.png"
Content-ID: <[email protected]>

amtsb2hiaXVvbHJueXZzNXQ2XHVmdGd5d2VoYmFmaGpremxidTh2b2hydHVqd255aHVpbnRyZnhu
dWkgb2l1b3NydGhpdXRvZ2hqdWlyb2h5dWd0aXJlaHN1aWhndXNpaHhidnVqZmtkeG5qaG5iZ3Vy
...
...
a25qbW9nNXRwbF0nemVycHpvemlnc3k5aDZqcm9wdHo7amlodDhpOTA4N3U5Nnkwb2tqMm9sd3An
LGZ2cDBbZWRzcm85eWo1Zmtsc2xrZ3g=

--RelatedBoundaryString
Content-Type: image/jpgeg;name="masthead.png"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: inline;filename="masthead.png"
Content-ID: <[email protected]>

aXR4ZGh5Yjd1OHk3MzQ4eXFndzhpYW9wO2tibHB6c2tqOTgwNXE0aW9qYWJ6aXBqOTBpcjl2MC1t
dGlmOTA0cW05dGkwbWk0OXQwYVttaXZvcnBhXGtsbGo7emt2c2pkZnI7Z2lwb2F1amdpNTh1NDlh
...
...
eXN6dWdoeXhiNzhuZzdnaHQ3eW9zemlqb2FqZWt0cmZ1eXZnamhka3JmdDg3aXV2dWd5aGVidXdz
dhyuhehe76YTGSFGA=

--RelatedBoundaryString--

--MixedBoundaryString
Content-Type: application/pdf;name="Invoice_1.pdf"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="Invoice_1.pdf"

aGZqZGtsZ3poZHVpeWZoemd2dXNoamRibngganZodWpyYWRuIHVqO0hmSjtyRVVPIEZSO05SVURF
SEx1aWhudWpoZ3h1XGh1c2loZWRma25kamlsXHpodXZpZmhkcnVsaGpnZmtsaGVqZ2xod2plZmdq
...
...
a2psajY1ZWxqanNveHV5ZXJ3NTQzYXRnZnJhZXdhcmV0eXRia2xhanNueXVpNjRvNWllc3l1c2lw
dWg4NTA0

--MixedBoundaryString
Content-Type: application/pdf;name="SpecialOffer.pdf"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="SpecialOffer.pdf"

aXBvY21odWl0dnI1dWk4OXdzNHU5NTgwcDN3YTt1OTQwc3U4NTk1dTg0dTV5OGlncHE1dW4zOTgw
cS0zNHU4NTk0eWI4OTcwdjg5MHE4cHV0O3BvYTt6dWI7dWlvenZ1em9pdW51dDlvdTg5YnE4N3Z3
...
...
OTViOHk5cDV3dTh5bnB3dWZ2OHQ5dTh2cHVpO2p2Ymd1eTg5MGg3ajY4bjZ2ODl1ZGlvcjQ1amts
dfnhgjdfihn=

--MixedBoundaryString--

.

スキーマのマルチパート/関連/代替

Header
|From: email
|To: email
|MIME-Version: 1.0
|Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="boundary1";
Message body
|multipart/mixed --boundary1
|--boundary1
|   multipart/related --boundary2
|   |--boundary2
|   |   multipart/alternative --boundary3
|   |   |--boundary3
|   |   |text/plain
|   |   |--boundary3
|   |   |text/html
|   |   |--boundary3--
|   |--boundary2    
|   |Inline image
|   |--boundary2    
|   |Inline image
|   |--boundary2--
|--boundary1    
|Attachment1
|--boundary1
|Attachment2
|--boundary1
|Attachment3
|--boundary1--
|
.
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